Javascript Locator Selenium

doTypeRepeated ") and see what you get there too. js is an integrated, easy to use End-to-End testing solution for web applications and websites, written in Node. There are frequently multiple elements of the same tag present on the page. Selenium RC was the legacy tool that is now depreciated. Get to grips with automated web testing with the amazing power of Selenium WebDriver In Detail This book will help you seamlessly migrate from Selenium RC to Selenium WebDriver. It’s not working. By Partial Button Text. selenium web drive Jobs In Hyderabad - Search and Apply for selenium web drive Jobs in Hyderabad on TimesJobs. Selenium - Locators - Locating elements in Selenium WebDriver is performed with the help of findElement() and findElements() methods provided by WebDriver and WebElement class. Let's learn how to locate element by ID. The Selenium Webdriver test should have opened a URL, inputted a string, submitted the form, and returned the page title. Please help to keep this list up to date and comment if you have corrections. Demystifying Popups with Selenium. Selenium offers several strategies to locate web elements: Id, Class Name, Tag Name, Name, Link Text, Partial Link Text, CSS, XPATH, and JavaScript. locator is a tuple of (by, path) is_selected is a boolean. All functions return promises. IE DebugBar 3. How to scroll in a specific Element using Selenium WebDriver Save Tweet Share There are times when WebElements are not recognised by WebDriver even if the element is present in the DOM. doTypeRepeated you might want to do some debuggin, tru selenium. Click finish. It is easy to use the firefox. Element locators using Selenium DOM: it is a javascript expression. Start selenium hub: /user-extensions. debug javascript (f12 open developer tool) inspect -> elements -> event listeners -> click -> button -> handler -> right click 'show function definition' or console -> type 'window' -> select the function listed by name -> show function definition. There's a massive increase in locator strategies in Protractor which also allows you to test AngularJS specific elements including the existing locator that we get from WebDriver API without configuring or putting any extra effort. "My name is Himanshu Bisht and I am a Automation Tester who specializes in creating frameworks, automated tests and utilities. 3) in order to traverse deeper since the nested divs live under the third part of each level. First Test Case - WebDriverJS. s search c compose new post r reply e edit t go to top j go to the next post or comment k go to the previous post or comment o toggle comment visibility esc cancel. Selenium RC was the legacy tool that is now depreciated. chromedriver is a version of the Chrome browser which is able to be "machine controlled" by selenium in our tests. In automation, we might need JavaScript code execution for following reasons-JavaScript executor is particularly used to handle scenarios including hidden web elements which cannot be located by Selenium WebDriver locators. ----- As we know selenium provide different ways to locate element of any web page, like css, xpath, id, name and linktext. On the other hand, I need my JavaScript code to be executed as the first JavaScript code of that page. Additionally, it would lower the chances where your locators could fail from the continuous changes happening in the application. That means 5 seconds finding the form by. Class 1 - Creating an Automated Test Using Selenium WebDriver 3 and C#. This list of commands for the Selenium IDE you find below is a nicely formatted Version of the official Selenium Reference on seleniumhq. A list of most frequently asked Selenium interview questions, and their answers are given below. Even though the course is a roller coaster with so much of stuff in just 8 classes, but the topics were well explained. Get to grips with automated web testing with the amazing power of Selenium WebDriver This book will help you seamlessly migrate from Selenium RC to Selenium WebDriver. element_located_selection_state_to_be (locator, is_selected) ¶ Bases: object An expectation to locate an element and check if the selection state specified is in that state. I going to speak about some locators to get inside elements. These locators must be capable to locate complex and dynamically changing web elements. Back in September, during the 2015 Selenium Conference, I presented the concept of using data-* attributes during a lightning talk. It is a complete browser (End-to-End) testing solution which aims to simplify the process of setting up a Continuous Integration and writing automated tests. Sauce Labs offers a free eLearning course to help you get started with Selenium! You'll learn how to set up a Selenium environment on your local machine, walk through the seven parts of a Selenium script, see how to locate elements to test and perform actions on them, and then run a sample script on Sauce Labs. The order of the Locator Builders can be very important. For ex: Gmail Inbox elements, their class name gets changed on every login. Install Selenium Recorder 0. js in the deprecated version of Selenium IDE on Firefox). Locating web element by className is good alternative if your element contains class name. "My name is Himanshu Bisht and I am a Automation Tester who specializes in creating frameworks, automated tests and utilities. Find by CSS Selector. getElementById). Click on the 'Find' button beside the Target text box and ensure that the inspected Button on the applications page is getting highlighted in yellow as shown below: (If the inspected Button is getting highlighted in yellow on clicking the 'Find' button on the Selenium IDE, it means that the Selenium is able to find the inspected Button using the 'ID' locator i. We also learned how to use ID, ClassName, Name, Link Text, and Xpath locator types. DOM and Selenium IDE Part. Selenium IDE is a Firefox plugin which allows users to record and play back actions in the browser. Here, I'll use Selenium integration with Node. JavaScript is a lightweight interpreted language for client side scripting. There are frequently multiple elements of the same tag present on the page. type name=q Selenium WebDriver Because Selenium was written in pure Javascript, its initial design required developers to host Core and their tests on the same server as the application under test (AUT) in order to avoid falling foul of the browser's security policies and the Javascript sandbox. The documentation and resources are found in the “UI Element Documentation” option under the Help menu of Selenium IDE. The ArtifactId is simply the name of the project we are working on. There's a massive increase in locator strategies in Protractor which also allows you to test AngularJS specific elements including the existing locator that we get from WebDriver API without configuring or putting any extra effort. ----- As we know selenium provide different ways to locate element of any web page, like css, xpath, id, name and linktext. In this tutorial we will have a look at how we can apply the Page Object design pattern. Element locators using Selenium DOM: it is a javascript expression. We can scroll into view in Selenium using JavaScript executor. It is our efforts to share every bit we know about the Selenium so that you can use it successfully in your live projects. We have used for loop here to keep on trying for at least 3 times and once it is found we break the loop and come out other wise it will try for another time until max of 3 times. Supported Locators Strategies: It supports common locator strategies for all types of web applications:- Id, name, className, linkText, partialLinkText, tagName, xpath and css. Firebug: Firebug mostly used by web developers, as it allows developers to find elements on the page by using the find functionality. We also provide Selenium WebDriver Training. To write end to end tests in Protractor, we use locators to find elements on web page. It provides you various ways how to generate a Selenium-compatible locators. Hello Selenium stands to supports you in Automation Testing using Selenium. I'm trying to use the javascript{} idiom as a locator (for e. Therefore, disabling JavaScript has never been an intended use case in Selenium WebDriver, which might break drivers' functionality and cause unexpected behaviours. Warning: I'd avoid this solution and go with Selenium in Docker. Conversely, selenium is an essential micronutrient and up to 1 billion people worldwide are selenium-deficient. It is Node. So if we try these locators instead, they will work. LEARN JAVA. JavaScript to program the behavior of web pages. JDK contains JRE. Selenium is not working with them (and with pseudo-elements in general yet) and it seems to be ok, since the goal is to work with actiona. CORE in JAVA with SELENIUM and APPIUM. It may so happen in some real time projects, Selenium WebDriver is not able to perform some action on a particular web element and interacting with web elements through Javascript was the only possible solution. You call those machines as nodes. JavaScriptExecutor provides two methods "executescript" & "executeAsyncScript" to run javascript on the selected window or current page. expected_conditions. In the example above if you set wait to 5 seconds and use XPath string as fuzzy locator, submitForm method will wait for 5 seconds at each step. Establishing the location and speciation of arsenic within the edible rice grain is essential for understanding the risk and for developing effective strategies to reduce grain arsenic concentrations. Selenium IDE has several locator builders bundled with it, including the most recent one for building CSS locators. // Find element using locator and store into WebElement WebElement element = driver. Selenium is present at the active site of two enzymes, Glutathione peroxidase and Type 1 iodo-thyronine 5'-deiodinase. At first, we decided to write our automated tests as normal using Selenium Webdriver - but we soon noticed. So, why do I get visual errors? In this article, I will go back to basics and share a step by step tutorial on how to UI test for native JavaScript applications using Applitools and its powerful integration with the Selenium WebDriver library. In the previous tutorial, we introduced you to another automation testing tool named as Firebug. Unable to click a href link using Selenium. Install Selenium Recorder 0. They are currently used only in the 'name' element-locator. In the previous post we have seen “locators in Selenium”. js locator that lets you use JavaScript code to find the element. The webdriver proves itself to be better than both Selenium IDE and Selenium RC in many aspects. As a side note, it is also possible to make the React test utilities available on your test site so you can directly call them with a script execute command via Selenium (there is information on that within the Github issue page linked. Locators are identifiers that tell Selenium IDE how to access an element. For websites generating dynamic Ids like ADF based applications or websites which are built on latest javascript frameworks like - React js which may not generate any Ids or names can't use locator by Id/Name strategy to find elements. Xpath locators in Selenium WebDriver 3. Identification of correct GUI elements is a prerequisite to creating an automation script. Let's see each of the Locators in Selenium in detail: ID Locator: ID's are unique for each element so it is common way to locate elements using ID Locator. Be warned that fuzzy locators can be significantly slower than strict locators. Complete the job application for Sr QA (Protractor, Selenium, Javascript) in Toronto, ON online today or find more job listings available at Tiree Consulting at Monster. Selenium is a library that helps us automate browser behavior. Executing Javascript/JQuery in selenium Javascript/JQuery plays a vital role in any modern web-based application for client side scripting, considering the fact, most of the times we might need to perform some operation in our test code written in Selenium using Javascript and JQuery. Find the below links on How to find elements on a web page using different types of locators. Selenese commands are the set of commands used in Selenium IDE. Automated browser testing with Node. Just go through this XML structure. " xpath, for locators starting with "//" identifier, otherwise Element Filters Element filters can be used with a locator to refine a list of candidate elements. LEARN JAVA. Once the frame has been selected, all subsequent calls on the WebDriver interface are made to that frame. XPath Selenium Selectors. Ah, our locators are scoping to the wrong part of the first level (1. If you are unfamiliar with Selenium WebDriver, you should check out the Selenium site. Thanks for your help Jackal. We have prioritized the list of locators to be used when scripting. Here are some tips to use CSS locators in your selenium automation projects. Unfortunately Selenium does not have inbuilt method which allow us to scroll into view but it does not mean we cannot scroll. Selenium is compatible with CSS 1. I guess I am not the only one using Selenium to help capture regressions and functionality!-Jason. This is an extremely useful design pattern for UI tests as it abstracts away how we get to different pages or screens. js locator, you can write ordinary JavaScript code just like you might write as part of an any web page. Selenium is very rich in automation, it is in the market for years and very much evolved and its API is almost stable. Selecting a frame by index is equivalent to the JS expression window. Kindly let me advise you that we are offering an ATDD training with Elisabeth Hendrickson on June 21/22 2010. JavaScriptExecutor is an interface which provides mechanism to execute Javascript through selenium driver. getEval ("Selenium. Type Name Latest commit message Commit. It consists locators like xpath, CSS and selenium for all type of objects. The Selenium reference for Element Locators can be found here and the excellent Selenium documentation here. The best tool for the job is Selenium, which can pilot any web browser using a standardized API, and is actively maintained. getEval("Selenium") and see what you get (is it a null?is it object?) the try selenium. Fortunately for us, Selenium provide us with many methods to find elements. Configuration File; Protractor API; Style Guide. Selenium IDE has several locator builders bundled with it, including the most recent one for building CSS locators. One caveat of using IDs is that some site development tools or server-side languages generate sort of structural IDs that are as liable to change as the structure itself — things like "contentBody_contentSection_contentSection_contentSection_txtUserName. Selenium server is the program that drives the browser It embeds Selenium Core framework and injects it into the browser It communicates with the running test client and drives the browser Client tests sends commands that the server interpretes in order to drive the browser. In below sections, I will share with you 15 tactics to write effective XPath locators. Selenium verify image present example using WebDriver. Mozilla has announced Firefox2. pytest-play plugin driving browsers using Selenium/Splinter under the hood. With Selenium 2, a new Client API was introduced (with WebDriver as its central component). selenium / javascript / atoms / locators / Fetching latest commit… Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time. Selenium Selenium is a browser automation tool, it has the support of some of the largest browser vendors and is widely used by companies to automate day to day tasks. At first, we decided to write our automated tests as normal using Selenium Webdriver - but we soon noticed. js file in text editor, name it e. Click on the 'Find' button beside the Target text box and ensure that the inspected Button on the applications page is getting highlighted in yellow as shown below: (If the inspected Button is getting highlighted in yellow on clicking the 'Find' button on the Selenium IDE, it means that the Selenium is able to find the inspected Button using the 'ID' locator i. Selenium Unexpected Javascript Error. These were. In the standard distibution, this file does not exist. Well no more. Selenium webdriver uses 8 locators to find the elements on web page. ThenableWebDriver. But writing e2e tests that work every time is challenging. This file provides a convenient location for adding features to Selenium, without needing to modify the core Selenium sources. Note: The terms Selenium, Selenium WebDriver, or simply WebDriver, are used interchangeably to refer Selenium WebDriver. There are still seats available - come join us! 😉. Waits and Syncs are handled in a more effective manner so we need to to worry about sync issues as well. 1d build from yesterday. The first parameter of the selenium. Locating by CSS : : The CSS locator strategy uses CSS selectors to find the elements in the page. We hope that this Selenium tutorial would have helped you in doing that. Back to top. xpath and selenium : locate a node using exact text match. Actions class in Selenium WebDriver – In Webdriver, handling keyboard events and mouse events (including actions such as Drag and Drop or clicking multiple elements With Control key) are done using the advanced user interactions API. I want to find an element which is visible by mouse hover and I need to click on it and it then opens a text field. In this kind of situations, we use Javascript. When showModalDialog is called the javascript gets suspended for the parent. 0 selectors. Selenium does NOT support JavaScript alerts that are generated in a page's onload() event handler. Selenium Locators Tutorial: Learn How to Identify Web Elements Using XPath in Selenium with Examples. This list of commands for the Selenium IDE you find below is a nicely formatted Version of the official Selenium Reference on seleniumhq. If that is not possible or you want your test to run with a different configuration or proxy, then you can use the following technique that uses a Capababilities object. doTypeRepeated you might want to do some debuggin, tru selenium. Commands that are new and not backward compatible with the old Firefox IDE are marked YELLOW (useful for experts and web testers upgrading from the classic Firefox Selenium IDE). from selenium. What makes Protractor more attractive? Most angular JS applications are embedded with HTML attributes such as ng-model and ng-controller. Kindly let me advise you that we are offering an ATDD training with Elisabeth Hendrickson on June 21/22 2010. Reading Time: 8 minutes This article will dive deeper into how to handle popup in selenium webdrive. CSS Locator in Selenium is one of the most important aspects of writing a script. CORE in JAVA with SELENIUM and APPIUM. Using the right locator ensures the tests are faster, more reliable or has lower maintenance over releases. 1- Concise and Compact Locators. Internet Explorer¶. The WebDriverJS library uses a promise manager to ease the pain of working with a purely asynchronous API. Start your Career with Selenium Training in Jayanagar, Bangalore. This class does really an exceptional job to cover very crucial topics in Automation with Ruby - Watir and Cucumber Frame work. When creating automated tests with Selenium, the most common thing you'll find yourself doing over and over again is finding out your locators for the elements in which you wish to interact with. Add path to the file in Selenium > Options > Options, e. ID locators are the fastest and safest locators out of all locators. doTypeRepeated ") and see what you get there too. Locators Selenium uses what is called locators to find and match the elements of your page that it needs to interact with. QA Automation Engineer / JavaScript and Selenium Our mission is to build healthier communities by connecting people to real food. In below sections, I will share with you 15 tactics to write effective XPath locators. Connection Before Content creates meaningful, real time customer connections that help businesses increase conversions and improve consumer experience. It is used by Selenium WebDriver to do handle WebElements. In order to write UI tests with Selenium WebDriver you need to be able to identify web page elements fast and in an accurate way. It’s not working. Per default Selenium uses the id-Locator, when no explicit locator prefix is defined. Selenium is compatible with CSS 1. - The code between the curlies should evaluate to a. Download the most complete Selenium WebDriver C# cheat sheet. Implement your Selenium test. Gridlastic Overview. This is mostly useful when calling the findElements(By) method which returns a collection of elements. You can vote up the examples you like or vote down the ones you don't like. Selenium scripts that will be run from Selenium-IDE will be stored in an HTML text file format. functionDefinition - a string defining the body of a function in JavaScript. By CSS Containing Text. locator is a tuple of (by, path) is_selected is a boolean. Estimated reading time: 4 minutes Starting from version 3. Get to grips with automated web testing with the amazing power of Selenium WebDriver This book will help you seamlessly migrate from Selenium RC to Selenium WebDriver. Want to use if else condition in selenium webdriver over locators I have the following code to put in if else condition , my requirement is " if patient is established with practice then if portion executed , if not then else "enrollment request should sent". There are 8 locators strategies included in Selenium:. Verify that you have JavaScript enabled in your browser. Unable to click a href link using Selenium. We have used JavaScript executor in WebDriver Java code here to verify if image is present in a web page. How to click on a javascript element in. js, since it's simple, well organized and very suitable to be used for test automation purposes. findElement("id=foo") where "id=foo" is your locator. The previous version (0. The Future of Work Whether you dread what the future holds for workers or embrace it with open arms, there's a lot to know and discover. It provides many way to identif an object or element on the web page. npm install moment --save # npm yarn add moment # Yarn Install-Package Moment. element_located_selection_state_to_be (locator, is_selected) ¶ Bases: object An expectation to locate an element and check if the selection state specified is in that state. Finally, click on the OK button, and restart the Selenium IDE for the changes to take effect. Back in September, during the 2015 Selenium Conference, I presented the concept of using data-* attributes during a lightning talk. Create (if you don’t have already) new. If you cannot locate an element by using any CSS locator in Selenium, then being proficient at Selenium. id ( "elementId" ) ) ; // Perform Double click operation using action (object) on element. Skip navigation Sign in. Unfortunately Selenium does not have inbuilt method which allow us to scroll into view but it does not mean we cannot scroll. 0 selectors. or check if the locator of the popup is still displayed on screen. Locators, text patterns, selenium variables, and the commands themselves are described in considerable detail in the section on Selenium Commands. doTypeRepeated you might want to do some debuggin, tru selenium. Problem with Selenium. Assertions in Selenium in Node. SRC provides a Selenium Server, which can automatically start/stop/control any supported browser. In the example above, there are two labels for text fields. Execute JavaScript with JavascriptExecutor | Selenium-11 Sometimes we cannot handle some conditions or problems with Webdriver, web controls don’t react well against selenium commands. This simple test will test that we can type "simple programmer" into Google's search box and verify that the text is there. There are frequently multiple elements of the same tag present on the page. selenium / javascript / atoms / locators / Fetching latest commit… Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time. Selenium IDE Basics. Selenium WebDriver is the latest and widely used tool. ; Make sure you are using a modern enough browser. It provides many way to identif an object or element on the web page. It is our efforts to share every bit we know about the Selenium so that you can use it successfully in your live projects. In automation, we might need JavaScript code execution for following reasons-JavaScript executor is particularly used to handle scenarios including hidden web elements which cannot be located by Selenium WebDriver locators. I’m going to list them below in my personal order of preference. LEARN JAVA. Installation. Selenium is compatible with CSS 1. Estimated reading time: 4 minutes Starting from version 3. Selenium-IDE has a recording feature, which will keep account of user actions as they are performed and store them as a reusable script to play back. If I right-click see HTML source, I can see the HTML code generated by JS. Relative locators allows us to do this. A list of most frequently asked Selenium interview questions, and their answers are given below. You can find it by class, name, partial link text, xpath, css selector, However, when it comes to ExtJS component, none of them works very well, because ExtJS page elements tend to be generated dynamically, their xpath/id/ are all moving target. I'm going to list them below in my personal order of preference. class selenium. Tests are written using the Selenium 2 client API - that's it!. Selenium RC was the legacy tool that is now depreciated. Under Selenium, JavaScript alerts will NOT pop up a visible alert dialog. Selenium Tutorial: Web Scraping with Selenium and Python February 21, 2015 Marina Mele Imagine what would you do if you could automate all the repetitive and boring activities you perform using internet, like checking every day the first results of Google for a given keyword, or download a bunch of files from different websites. ----- As we know selenium provide different ways to locate element of any web page, like css, xpath, id, name and linktext. For websites generating dynamic Ids like ADF based applications or websites which are built on latest javascript frameworks like – React js which may not generate any Ids or names can’t use locator by Id/Name strategy to find elements. js and user-extensions-ide. The reason being that IDs tend to be unique, meaning that your locator will be reliable, even if the site was redesigned or additional content added. etc; Locating elements is obviously key to writing a test, and Selenium offers several ways you can do this: By name. A garbage collector (such as the one in V8) needs to be able to locate objects in your application which are live as well as those which are considered dead (garbage) and cannot be reached. Due to open source (free) tool this is widely used automation tool in the market. In the previous tutorial, we introduced you to another automation testing tool named as Firebug. exceptions import NoSuchElementException from selenium. Configuration File; Protractor API; Style Guide. How to Find a web element in Selenium Webdriver In this article, we are going to see the functions needed to find a web element from a webpage from code using selenium web driver. Mozilla has announced Firefox2. For those, we have to interact with the JavaScript element multiple times just to make a tweak in the code. If you want to know more about these new locators and sample usage, find more details in Selenium test base (tests are living documentation) Closing note. All functions return promises. However, the old API (using class Selenium) is still supported. To read about the different ways to locate elements during your login process, read Selenium's official documentation. The process is as follows. LEARN JAVA. findElement(By. Selenium – Locators. Selenium offers several strategies to locate web elements: Id, Class Name, Tag Name, Name, Link Text, Partial Link Text, CSS, XPATH, and JavaScript. For most of the Selenium commands, we need a target location which uniquely defines the web element in the context of a web application. This Selenium Certification Training includes 9 comprehensive Selenium courses , 4 Projects with 38+ hours of video tutorials and Lifetime Access. Scroll Scroll Scroll Scroll Scroll Scroll Scroll Scroll Scroll Scroll Scroll Scroll Scroll Scroll Scroll Scroll Scroll Scroll Scroll Scroll Scroll Scroll Scroll. Support packages. In order to write UI tests with Selenium WebDriver you need to be able to identify web page elements fast and in an accurate way. Selenium webdriver uses 8 locators to find the elements on web page. js from the nightly 6. In below sections, I will share with you 15 tactics to write effective XPath locators. Locator is a command that tells Selenium IDE which GUI elements ( say Text Box, Buttons, Check Boxes etc) its needs to operate on. This consists of an HTML table with three columns. All functions return promises. Selenium-RC was the first tool in the Selenium project that allowed automation of web applications in browsers. Refer below video for more details –. Even though the course is a roller coaster with so much of stuff in just 8 classes, but the topics were well explained. Hope you have already gone through the previous tutorials which will be extended here…. Locator is a command that tells Selenium IDE which GUI elements ( say Text Box, Buttons, Check Boxes etc) its needs to operate on. All you need to to know- the most basic operations to the most advanced configurations. We customize our Selenium Testing Course to suit each and every student in a unique way. In continuation with that, today we will learn how to use CSS Selector as a Locator. Locate an element which have same name and same atrributes in selenium Automation using selenium is a great experience. Unable to click a href link using Selenium. Automated Web Page Testing with Selenium IDE: A Tutorial Mary Ann May-Pumphrey [email protected] are used to. Selenium is very rich in automation, it is in the market for years and very much evolved and its API is almost stable. [SELENIUM UNEXPECTED JAVASCRIPT ERROR] Free Download. Webdriver Element Locator helps you to generate best XPath Locator for your Web Element and also provides Selenium Code in selected programming language. It needs to move its handle across windows to perform its operation. how to use javascript commands in selenium ide (document. There are many locators in Selenium. import java. It is composed of "IDE", a recording and playback mechanism, "WebDriver" and Remote Control "RC" which provide APIs for browser automation in a wide variety of languages, and "Grid", which allows many tests using the APIs to be run in parallel. The steps involved to set it up on your machine are very easy: 1/ Download the Selenium server from their download. About the Technology Web applications are difficult to test because so much depends on the way a user interacts with individual pages. In this case, we did really not have any chance to use the default Selenium or Robot toolbox. JavaScript is a lightweight interpreted language for client side scripting. The JDK version chosen in this training is JDK 8+ which is sufficient to work with Selenium framework in order to facilitate the Test Automation run time environment. Tests are written using the Selenium 2 client API - that's it!. Questions: In Firefox i have set the location access to allow. Selenium RC is a tool that allow you to write automated web application UI tests in any programming language against any HTTP website using any mainstream enabled JavaScript enabled browser. When using Chrome, the Selenium driver injects a webdriver property into the browser’s navigator object. By Exact Binding. From the Selenium perspective, you don't have direct access to all elements on page if some are within frames, iframes. You don't want test cases to run on a single machine. FindElement (By. In Selenium Webdriver, locators like XPath, CSS, etc.

Javascript Locator Selenium